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How To Open A Bank Account

Faith Boluwatife
Faith Boluwatife
Faith is an enthusiastic freelancer and regular contributor for a number of finance and insurance blogs where she writes valuable pieces to educate individuals on finance and other options. As a skilled writer, Faith has created content for diverse industries – if it exists, she’s likely written about it.

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Table of Contents

Opening a bank account is a very essential step to successfully managing your financial affairs. In this article, we will walk you through the process of opening a bank account while answering common questions that surround an account-opening process.

Takeaway Points

  • You have several options available to you when it comes to opening a bank account.
  • A good way to determine what account would be best for you is to access your needs and preferences for a bank account.
  • It is important to research banks and other bank providers to identify watch options they have and if those options meet your needs.
  • While you can visit a bank branch in person to open an account, most providers will let you open an account with them electronically from start to finish.
  • To open a bank account, you need essentials like a government-issued ID, proof of address, and biometrics.

What Essentials Do You Need to Open a Bank Account? 

Each account provider may have special requirements for you to open a bank account with them. However, there are certain essentials you’ll need to open any type of bank account, and those are what we will be highlighting here.

Government-Issued ID

The bank needs your ID to verify your identity and other important details like your age and place of origin. Providing this grants uniqueness and originality to each individual’s account number and helps to avoid account scams and impersonations.

A government-issued ID could be a passport, driver’s license, or military ID. While you will not drop any of this ID with the bank, you will be required to provide a photocopy, clear photo, or scanned copy of it. Note that your bank may have a preference for a usable government ID, or may allow you to use an ID that is not government-issued.

Basic Information

The bank requires certain basic information from you, such as:

  • Your full name (with an affidavit if you have changed your name and the new name does not reflect on your ID)
  • Your identification number
  • Physical and mailing address
  • Proof of address (this would mostly be a utility bill)
  • Phone number
  • Financial history

Depending on who you are, where you are, and what you do, your identification number can be your Social Security Number (most common), Individual Tax Payer Identification Number, Alien Identification Card Number, or any other government-issued ID number.


Your biometrics are required to further prove your identity and for security purposes. You may also need to provide biometrics like your electronic signature to sign paperwork and agree to the bank’s terms and conditions.

Popular biometrics requested include fingerprint, signature, and photograph. Present-day technology and features available on mobile phones will allow you to provide all of these without having to visit the bank or credit union in person. However, your provider may send you paperwork that you must fill, sign and mail back.

Identification and Biometrics of Other Applicants

Joint and minor accounts might require the information and biometrics of more than one person. In that case, all parties involved would need the provide all the information required of them. These are mostly, the ID, physical and mailing address, and biometrics.

Initial deposit

The bank may require you to make an initial deposit for the account to become activated. Information about the minimum amount required will be provided. Sometimes, the amount of this initial deposit is also the withdrawal limit for the account. (This is, the minimum amount that must remain in the account and cannot be withdrawn).

Checking Vs Savings Account: Which Should You Open?

You might be wondering if you should open a savings or checking account, or open both. The truth is, both are accounts with distinct but beneficial features. They are therefore ideal for different situations and possess distinct features. Knowing how each account operates can help you decide which to for.

Checking Accounts

Checking accounts are high-activity accounts, typically used for everyday transactions like making payments and receiving deposits.

For checking accounts, you may want to consider banks with low or withdrawal limits and transactional fees, since you will be performing many transactions through the account.

Savings Accounts

Savings accounts are specifically for putting money that you are not using aside, so you can earn interest while the money is tucked away safely with the bank.

Features Offered by Savings and Checking Accounts

Feature Checking Accounts Savings Accounts
Earns interest Mostly no Yes
Debit card Yes Yes
Check writing access Yes Yes
ATM access Yes Varies according to provider
Electronic bill payment Yes Varies according to provider
FDIC/NCUSIF Insurance Yes Yes
Monthly fees Varies according to provider Varies according to provider
Transaction restrictions No Yes

You may realize that you do need both types of accounts. Most account providers offer both types of accounts and will let you open them concurrently. You may also decide to open both accounts with two different providers if they have favorable features for you.

Online-Only Account

While most bank account providers now provide their clients with options for banking online. Certain account providers operate online-only accounts, with no physical bank to visit to make inquiries or perform transactions.

Online-only accounts are straightforward and simple to use and can be less hassle-free than accounts provided by other providers. They also often require little to no maintenance fees and have excellent features for anyone to use for basic transactions.

However, online-only account providers may not be as credible and trusted as other banks and credit unions. It is therefore important to choose carefully and check reviews when considering and online bank. To guide you, we have highlighted some pros and cons of online-only accounts:


  • Convenience: Online-only accounts are easy and convenient to use with their electronic features that can be accessed from anywhere with a mobile phone and internet connection. Therefore, you can always manage your money on the go and do not need to waste time on in-person bank visits.
  • Little or No Monthly Fees: Most online-only accounts have low or no monthly fees that help you save more on your money. This is because the providers have fewer overhead costs to cater to since there are no physical branches to maintain.
  • Higher Interest Rates: Online-only accounts also tend to offer higher interest rates, since they do not have to cover as many overhead costs as traditional banks.
  • Special and Advanced Features: The electronic banking option enables online-only account providers to offer their clients special features that they can utilize from their mobile phones. These include budgeting tools, saving plans, and transaction tracking tools.


  • Security Concerns: It may be harder to vouch for the credibility of online-only account providers, as many of them are new. Besides, such banks can easily be sabotaged through cyberattacks and may also make clients more liable to online fraud. Account providers aim to combat this through solid security measures on their end, while clients should ensure to use strong passwords and enable two-factor authentication.
  • Limited Access to Cash: Online-only accounts may possess electronic transfer limits and since there are no physical branches, you may not be able to withdraw huge chunks of money. Also, online-only accounts may have limited ATM access, which makes cash withdrawal difficult.
  • Slowed Issue-Resolving Time: If you encounter an issue with an online-only account, you would need to send a mail and stay hopeful that your request will be attended to in time. However, you can be sure that a customer care representative would be available to attend to your concern on the spot if you were to walk into a physical bank branch.

Step-by-Step Guide for Opening a Bank Account

Opening a bank account is effortless and can be completed by taking the following steps:

Step 1: Research Different Account Providers and Pick a Good Fit

It is important to carefully decide what bank, credit union, or other account provider is best for you, as well as what type of account would meet your needs the most. Already, we have outlined features of checking, savings, and online-only accounts. Banks tend to have more than those types of accounts with distinct features for you to choose from.

After you have determined what type of account you want, you should look out for a provider with the best offer for such an account. To accomplish this, compare available offerings, and read the terms and conditions to find features and fees, restrictions, and age limits.

Also, make periodic checks so you don’t miss out on updates or changes. For example, the interest rates that applied last year may no longer apply this year.

You should also consider other special features like provisions for minors and specific groups like employees and retirees, interest rates, and mobile app features for better saving and financial planning.

Lastly, you want to find out if the account provider is properly insured, so you don’t lose your money even in unfavorable circumstances. Do check if the bank is protected by FDIC insurance or NCUSIF if it is a credit union.

Mind you, you might want to have different accounts with multiple banks. Most people actually go ahead to have more than one account. Doing this can help you manage your finances better, deal with multiple income streams, and maximize several banking features on different accounts.

Step 2: Gather the Necessary Documentation

Once you decide on your preferred account provider, the next step is to gather the needed documents. These will usually be the documents and information we have earlier outlined. However, you will find information on specifics from the bank through their website and account terms.

Step 3: Open the Account

With all the documentation and information you need to provide in one place, you should be able to open an account in minutes. You can do this by visiting a bank branch in person or following prompts electronically on the bank’s website or mobile app.

When filing a form on paper or online, be careful to put in the right information and ensure that figures are rightly entered. If your basic information conflicts with what is in your ID, you may experience delays in getting your account verified and ready for transactions. If you are not sure about any information required of you, you should contact the account provider before you enter it.

If you are opening an account as a minor, most providers will require you to have a next-of-kin or guardian as a signatory to the account. With that, you will be able to perform basic transactions like deposits and withdrawals.

Step 4: Fund the Account

Some accounts require an initial deposit to become active as a part of the opening process. Even if that is not a requirement, you would still need to fund the account to start making transactions. You can fund the account by electronic transfer from another account, physical cash or check deposit, or direct deposit from your employer.

Step 5: Start Transacting with the Account

By the time you are done with all these steps, you should have successfully opened a functional bank account. Some accounts will be ready to use in the same minute, while others could take a few hours or days to become active.

If you opened a checking or savings account, you should receive an ATM and may get a checkbook. With these and the electronic provisions, you would be able to explore all the features of the account.

Should You Close Your Old Account?

Many persons open new accounts to manage multiple accounts at a time. Therefore, you may not necessarily need to close your old account. However, there are checks you want to make when you open a new account.

For example, if you preferred your salary to start going into your new account, you should inform your employer about the change. You should also update your subscriptions with your new and preferred account, so you don’t get cut off subscriptions all of a sudden.

For the old account, you should cancel automatic bill payments if you will no longer be using the account for such a purpose, and then set up your payments with the new account. If you choose to close the account, you should sign out of the bank’s mobile app, log out from its online banking, and destroy documents like leftover checks or keep them away.

You could also request a written statement from the bank that states that the account is officially closed. You should, however, be careful to have channeled subsequent payments to your new account and be mindful of the old bank’s reopening policies.

This will ensure you don’t lose funds because there is no active account they can be directed to, and also so that the account does not get reactivated against your will in a bid to honor automatic payments that have not been canceled.

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